What causes stomach pain and cramps?
The causes of stomach pain or gastrointestinal spasm are often diverse. The digestive system consists of many intricate processes that converts food you eat into the nutrients your body needs and excretes what you don’t. It’s when this complex system gets out of balance, that stomach pains and cramps are caused, along with several other digestive symptoms. Whether its stress, an unbalanced diet or an underlying symptom that causes this imbalance, abdominal pain can be managed.
Disturbed motility, hypersensitive nerves and gastric acid are some of the underlying mechanisms, which may be responsible for the development of symptoms in the gastrointestinal tract and cause an unbalance in the digestive system process.
For example, if the nerves in the stomach are sensitive to irritation or natural physical processes such as movement or filling of the stomach, signals are transmitted to the brain which the patient perceives as stomach pain.
Or if stomach muscles are too stretched, for example through ingested food, the pain receptors may be irritated, leading to abdominal pain.
In addition, overproduction of gastric acids or even hypersensitivity to gastric acids may cause the gastric mucosa to become unbalanced. This irritation can also lead to pain perception.
Some illnesses can cause severe stomach pain as well. Always consult with a healthcare professional if you have recurring abdominal pain and cramps to check for an underlying condition.